Acheulean Bifaces from Khor Shambat, Omdurman (Sudan), Comparative Studies in the Nubian Context

  • Mirosław Masojć University of Wrocław, Institute of Archaeology, Laboratory for Non-European Archaeology, Szewska Street 48, 50-139 Wrocław, Poland
  • Amel Hassan Gismallah National Corporation for Antiquities and Museums, Sudan Ministry of Culture and Tourism, P.O.B. 178, Khartoum 11115, Sudan
  • Grzegorz Michalec University of Wrocław, Institute of Archaeology, Laboratory for Non-European Archaeology, Szewska Street 48, 50-139 Wrocław, Poland
  • Andrzej Gałaś AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Cracow, Poland
  • Maciej Jórdeczka Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Rubież Street 46, 61-612 Poznan, Poland
Keywords: Acheulean, hand-axes, Khor Shambat, Dakhla Oasis, EDAR, EDAR


This work presents Acheulean material discovered in Khor Shambat (Omdurman, Sudan), situated on the left-bank Nile valley a few km. north of Khor Abu Anga and about 7 km from the Nile valley, 10 km to the north-west of the confluence of the Blue and White Nile. The artefacts occur randomly in the channel or in the channel deposit, the latter forms elongated bars composed of fluvial deposits with a low degree of sorting. The assemblage consists of 34 artefacts made from highly eroded Nubian sandstones. The most common shape of the hand-axe from Khor Shambat is the cordiform type with lenticular cross section made on a chunk or cobble. The hand-axes from Khor Shambat were subject to a morphometric analysis together with the assemblage from two other Nubian Acheulean sites. The geometric-morphometric approach to 2D objects attempted to identify differences between the assemblages. The broad chronology of the Acheulean proposed for Khor Abu Anga by Roy L. Carlson (2015) might potentially be applicable to the Khor Shambat assemblage, which may fall within the range of 350–200ka.


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How to Cite
Masojć, M., Gismallah, A. H., Michalec, G., Gałaś, A., & Jórdeczka, M. (2020). Acheulean Bifaces from Khor Shambat, Omdurman (Sudan), Comparative Studies in the Nubian Context. Archaeologia Polona, 58, 39 -.