Etnografia Polska <p>Etnografia Polska jest wydawana od 1956 roku i pozostaje jednym z najlepszych periodyków o tematyce etnograficznej i etnologicznej w Polsce. O renomie, jaką cieszy się nasze czasopismo może świadczyć fakt, że jest powszechnie wykorzystywana przez studentów etnologii i pracowników naukowych w całej Polsce. Jednocześnie jest jednym z najwyżej punktowanych pism etnologicznych w kraju. Rocznik ukazuje się w 350 egzemplarzach. Warto zaznaczyć, że czasopismo znajduje się także na liście ERIH i Scopus, a w Komitecie Redakcyjnym znajdują się osoby z Niemiec, Rosji i Mołdawii. W czasopiśmie publikują etnologowie z całej Polski, a także zza granicy. W czasopiśmie funkcjonuje system recenzji; każdy artykuł musi uzyskać dwie pozytywne, anonimowe recenzje.<br>Punkty MNiSW 2019: 40</p> Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii, Polska Akademia Nauk pl-PL Etnografia Polska 0071-1861 Postreligijne i niereligijne wykorzystanie budynków kościelnych na przygraniczu polsko-niemieckim <p>In the northern part of the former GDR there are many church buildings that are renovated, well taken care of but serving small number of believers. Although retaining&nbsp; some religious functions, they are at the same time used by actors that define themselves as not religious. Using concepts of nonreligous and postreligious as analytical terms referring to specific kinds of relations between religious and secular fields, I analyze cases of three Protestant churches, within the context of Polish-German relations in this region. I show that we should bring to a logical conclusion Talal Asad’s observation that religion is a historical category which is constantly redefined through its relationship with an equally mutable category of the secular.</p> Agnieszka Halemba Copyright (c) 2020 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 63 1-2 5 22 10.23858/EP63.2019.001 Zamieszkując „pogranicze”. Migracja przygraniczna z Polski do Niemiec w doświadczeniach dzieci i rodziców <p>The article is devoted to the migration of Poles from the vicinity of Szczecin to the German villages located close to the German-Polish border. The empirical material was collected during five field trips, each lasting two weeks, to a Polish-German border area. I present a specific type of migration – short-distance cross-border migration – from the perspective of parents and children. I conducted research among Polish families who decided to move to one of the villages on the German side of the border, most often from Szczecin or the surrounding area. My research questions focused on the motivations for and experiences of short-distance migration. I present the perspective of parents in light of the phenomenon of future-oriented migration and the experience of children and youth “generation 1.5”, outlining at the same time the specific context of the border area. I include the voice of children to contribute to the development of research on migration of families and to better understand social processes taking place around the Polish-German border.</p> Bogna Rutkowska Copyright (c) 2020 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 63 1-2 23 42 10.23858/EP63.2019.002 Widok i przestrzeń. Konstruowanie krajobrazów w Bieszczadach <p>The article is devoted to the problem of constructing landscapes on the example of a Polish region which in the common imagination is strongly grounded as series of views. The author uses the theoretical findings of landscape anthropologists and discusses different modes of constructing local landscapes. Two general perspectives have been confronted here: guest/outsider and inhabitant/insider. The first is also the perspective of the ethnographer who watches “views”, but also perceives the agency of objects-things that participate in the production of the landscape. The relationship of inhabitants with the environment, appropriate for the second perspective, was illustrated by several aspects of this relationship, captured in the field and intertwined with the experience of space by residents. The construction of Bieszczady landscapes takes place through things and objects, by shaping places and by using references and objects from the past.</p> Patrycja Trzeszczyńska Copyright (c) 2020 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 63 1-2 43 58 10.23858/EP63.2019.003 Wybory religijne i dyskusje o tożsamości w Republice Sacha <p>The framework of religious discussions and choices in the Sakha Republic mark references to Orthodoxy and native belief traditions. In the case of the latter, the importance of shamanism is emphasized, attempts are being made to create the national religion of Sakha (ajyy religion) and the links with the beliefs of the former nomads of the Great Steppe (tengrism) are emphasized. In the article I show that such directions of religious search are closely related to discussions about the identity of the Yakuts.</p> Wojciech Lipiński Copyright (c) 2020 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 63 1-2 59 76 10.23858/EP63.2019.004 Etnologia nieoczywista. Śladami Jana Stanisława Bystronia sto lat później <p>Over a hundred years ago, Jan Stanisław Bystroń became the head of the Department of Ethnology at the University of Poznań (original name Wszechnica Piastowska). He has left a huge collection of books and articles as his scientific achievements, which still inspire new generations of ethnologists and social researchers. His most intense scientific activity was during the inter-war period, in which first as a professor at the University of Poznań, and then at the Jagiellonian University and the University of Warsaw, he co-formed the foundations of ethnological sciences in Poland. This article focuses on two main areas: institutional (vision of ethnology as academic science) and issues of cultural heritage. The presented text does not refer to the entire academic output of Bystroń, but above all concentrates on the years 1919-1925 – the period when he managed the Department of Ethnography in Poznań. For Bystroń it was a time of intensive scientific work and the beginning of formulating many research ideas that evolved later. Ethnology, in the understanding of Bystroń, has made a kind of reorientation in the approach to the problems of the nation, folk, regionalism, language phenomena and history (for example Polish folk history). Many threads are also considered pioneering and sometimes controversial today. His theory of culture is also a pretext for reflection on the contemporary dilemmas of native ethnology, such as: the disciplinary identity, the boundaries between sciences, the role of cultural capital and knowledge transfers.</p> Adam Pomieciński Copyright (c) 2020 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 63 1-2 77 94 10.23858/EP63.2019.005 „Gęsta partycypacja” – somatyczne zanurzenie w działaniu. Antropolog w obszarze sztuk i sportów walki <p>The aim of this article is to present the specificity of „thick participation”, a research method proposed by Hawaiian anthropologist Jaida Kim Samudra, which assumes deep, bodily immersion in the studied reality, a method particularly recommended for anthropologists and social scientists in general who are engaged in martial arts studies. I am interested in how this method works in the ethnographic research within Brazilian jiu-jitsu community in Warsaw. The paper can also be treated as a voice in the discussion on turning a private passion into a subject of systematic scientific investigation. The main conclusion is formulated as follows: although I cannot deny that “thick participation” may open up new fascinating paths it also creates new dilemmas and research doubts that the anthropologist has to face. In sum, “thick participation” is framed as a skill, practical experience and proper „training”.</p> Karol Górski Copyright (c) 2020 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 63 1-2 95 112 10.23858/EP63.2019.006 The dying of Czerniakowskie Lake, the dying of quiet. From a hi-fi to a lo-fi soundscape <p>Raymond Murray Schafer, a pioneer in research on the soundscape, distinguished between hi-fi and lo-fi soundscapes. The hi-fi soundscape is characterized by natural sounds, recognizable as acoustic signals. Such a soundscape has room for quiet. The lo-fi soundscape is dominated by artificial, mechanical, aggressive, irritating sounds, or noise. The emergence of this type of soundscape has been facilitated by the development of industry, by urbanization, by the realization of succeeding investments in transportation, trade, and entertainment, and by the universality of various kinds of “loud” equipment in households and the public sphere.</p> <p>As an example of passage from a hi-fi to a lo-fi soundscape, the author explains the causes for the degradation of the Czerniakowskie Lake nature reserve. The causes include, above all, the construction of succeeding housing settlements near the body of water, the nearness of busy communications arteries, and the pressure to increase the reserve’s use for entertainment and recreation. These activities not only have a disadvantageous impact on the natural environment, but they also contribute to the production of noise, which drives out the quiet.</p> <p>The author notes the varying attitudes to changes to the reserve and various visions and expectations for its future. Whether the reserve will be changed entirely into a lo-fi soundscape will depend on the aims and plans that are implemented. Will the traits of a hi-fi soundscape become a phenomenon entirely of the past, of memories and reflections on the changes undergone by a place with which our fates are connected?</p> Iwona Kabzińska Copyright (c) 2020 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 63 1-2 113 132 10.23858/EP63.2019.007 The politics of heritages and Kraków’s cityscape. Introduction to the special section <p>Introduction to the special section "The politics of heritages and Kraków’s cityscape"</p> Kamila Baraniecka-Olszewska Anna Niedźwiedź Copyright (c) 2020 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 63 1-2 133 136 10.23858/EP63.2019.008 Between ennoblement and exclusion: heritage policy in Kraków <p>In essence a discursive category, heritage is currently one of the most widespread tools for conducting historical policy. Supplied with the “heritage” brand by appropriate institutions certifying objects and cultural practices, heritage serves as a canvas for the creation of attractive images of the past in specific places and communities. Thanks to its persuasive power, it can successfully model the collective imagination and influence identity processes. Guarded by procedures and verifying institutions, the special symbolic and economic value of heritage becomes an element of rivalry and a source of social conflicts. An illustration of such tension is Kraków’s palimpsestic and semantically dense space, which is ordered according to a strict symbolic hierarchy. Consideration of the different treatment of Kraków’s Old Town complex, which was entered on UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1978, and the socialist realist centre of Nowa Huta, which unsuccessfully pretended to the title, reveals the hidden rules governing the supposedly democratic heritage policy.</p> Monika Golonka-Czajkowska Copyright (c) 2020 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 63 1-2 137 154 10.23858/EP63.2019.009 The state historical policy and the default religious heritage in Poland: on introducing pagan heritage to the public sphere in Kraków <p>This article discusses the role of the state historical policy in constructing national heritage in Poland. The author focuses mostly on the dominant place Roman Catholicism occupies in the Polish memory complex and in Roman-Catholic-related national identity projects, since these also affect the process of construing national heritage. Applying Pasieka’s notion of hierarchical religious pluralism, the author examines the construction of religious heritage according to the objectives of the contemporary conservative state historical policy. Assuming that Roman Catholicism constitutes the default element in the national heritage in Poland, the author examines how an alternative vision of religious heritage is created and what role minority religions play in the heritage-making processes in Poland. The case study is the Rękawka Celebration in Kraków – a historical reenactment of early medieval Slavic Pagan rites.</p> Kamila Baraniecka-Olszewska Copyright (c) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 63 1-2 155 168 10.23858/EP63.2019.010 State politics and local celebrations. Commemorations of Kraków’s Jewish past <p>In 2018, two dates were particularly important for the Kraków’s commemorations: the 75th Anniversary of the Liquidation of the Kraków Ghetto and the 50th anniversary of March '68. At the beginning of the year, The Amended Act on the Institute of National Remembrance (IPN) was presented, which is more widely known as Poland's new 'Holocaust law'. The question of legal regulation of the usage of the term 'Polish death camps' polarized public opinion and revealed existing divisions between different narratives concerning World War II and perspectives on the past in contemporary Poland.</p> <p>The article aims to investigate how official politics of the state toward the past is reflected in locally held anniversaries and commemorations. The influence of the public debate during the celebration of March of Remembrance, the anniversary of March '68, and related events, has reflected in people's opinions and emotions. Discourse analysis and ethnographic research reveal how the past is interpreted in those circumstances and show the complexity of relationships between enduring and counter-narratives about the past.</p> Kaja Kajder Copyright (c) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 63 1-2 169 184 10.23858/EP63.2019.011 Global Catholicism, urban heritage, national politics: the 2016 World Youth Day in Kraków <p>This paper analyzes the World Youth Day (WYD) – a cyclical Catholic global youth gathering – by focusing on the 2016 WYD in Kraków, Poland. The WYD is described as a multilayered event that generates and mirrors conflicting and conflating discourses operating at the global, national, and local levels of Catholicism and various perceptions of these discourses. The paper discusses the massive and festive character of the WYD, its branding potential as a typical mega-event as well as its religious dimension as a modern pilgrimage. Even though the WYD is organized cyclically and follows a general, established schedule, references to local and national contexts shape and influence its form in the specific environment of a host state and city. This paper shows that in European locations the concept of “Christian heritage” is actively used by the Church framing the event in religious terms. This framing relates to the “New Evangelization” policy which seeks to revive Christianity in an “old continent”, as well as emphasizes the religious and spiritual potential of historic Christian sites, objects and practices in the context of an international youth gathering. Additionally, the Kraków case study demonstrates the role of local and national political processes and the branding strategies of the Polish Church and the Polish government.</p> Anna Niedźwiedź Copyright (c) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 63 1-2 185 204 10.23858/EP63.2019.012 From “tradition” to “intangible heritage”: Kraków’s nativity-scene craft <p>The article presents three main stages in the history of the Kraków nativity-scene craft. First, the stage prior to institutionalization, covering the oldest history of nativity-scene making; second, the stage of institutionalization, initiated by the organization of the first competition for the most beautiful nativity scene in Kraków in 1937; and third, the UNESCO-ization of the nativity-scene craft, inaugurated by the inclusion of the Kraków nativity-scene (szopka) tradition on UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2018.</p> Alicja Soćko-Mucha Copyright (c) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 63 1-2 205 226 10.23858/EP63.2019.013 Magdalena Zowczak (red.), Catholic Religious Minorities in the Times of Transformation. Comparative Studies of Religious Culture in Poland and Ukraine <p>brak</p> Kamila Baraniecka-Olszewska Copyright (c) 2020 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 63 1-2 227 229 10.23858/EP63.2019.014 Zbigniew Benedyktowicz, Elementarz tożsamości. Antropologia współczesna – antropologia kontekstowa <p>brak</p> Kamil Lipiński Copyright (c) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 63 1-2 230 234 10.23858/EP63.2019.015