Etnografia Polska 2020-12-21T12:43:48+01:00 Joanna Mroczkowska Open Journal Systems <p>Etnografia Polska jest wydawana od 1956 roku i pozostaje jednym z najlepszych periodyków o tematyce etnograficznej i etnologicznej w Polsce. Celem czasopisma jest publikowanie wartościowych artykułów prezentujących wyniki badań antropologicznych,&nbsp; ciekawe etnografie, jak również teksty teoretyczne z dziedzin antropologii społeczno-kulturowej i socjologii, historii społecznej.</p> <p>O renomie, jaką cieszy się nasze czasopismo może świadczyć fakt, że jest powszechnie wykorzystywana przez studentów etnologii i pracowników naukowych w całej Polsce. Jednocześnie jest jednym z najwyżej punktowanych pism etnologicznych w kraju. Warto zaznaczyć, że czasopismo znajduje się także na liście ERIH i Scopus, a w Komitecie Redakcyjnym znajdują się osoby z Polski, Niemiec, i Czech. W czasopiśmie publikują etnologowie z całej Polski, a także zza granicy. W czasopiśmie funkcjonuje system recenzji <em>double-blind</em>.</p> <p>Punkty MNiSW 2021: 40</p> <p>ISSN wersji papierowej: 0071-1861</p> <p>ISSN online: 2719-6534</p> <p>Czasopismo jest udostępniane na zasadach Open Access, zgodnie z licencją CC-BY wersja 4.0 międzynarodowa (</p> Od Redakcji 2020-12-07T14:47:34+01:00 Maria Dębińska Joanna Mroczkowska Łukasz Smyrski <p>-</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) ROZMOWA Z PROFESOR IWONĄ KABZIŃSKĄ 2020-12-07T14:48:44+01:00 Redakcja Etnografii Polskiej <p>-</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) O KRAJOBRAZIE/PEJZAŻU DŹWIĘKOWYM I RELACJI NATURA–KULTURA 2020-12-21T12:43:48+01:00 Iwona Kabzińska <p>Researchers of the audiosphere often use the term “soundscape” for sounds that are registered and evaluated by humans. A soundscape is part of the environment in the broad sense. It creates the atmosphere of a place, influences attitudes toward that place, and shapes cultural identity as well as the related ethnic identity. Studies on the impact of sounds on social life have been conducted within various disciplines, including sound ethnography. One of the methods used is “soundwalks” (or &nbsp;soundwalking”). Soundwalks can be used, for example, to produce landscape maps that take into account the sources of sounds occurring in a given area and the methods by which they are evaluated. Such walks also allow changes in the soundscape to be registered. Changes are most often caused by various types of development projects, which frequently cause the noise level to increase and sometimes eliminate silence. Various adherents of the “relational” currents of posthumanism, sociobiology, and cultural ecology question the dichotomy between nature and culture. To speak of the unity of humans and nature, they use the term “naturo-culture” (Bruno Latour and his followers) or “naturoculture” (Donna Haraway and her followers). According to the author of the article, the natural environment’s devastation by humans testifies to the lack of unity and harmony between nature and culture, as well as to the lack of a sense of community.</p> <p>Contemporary humans, especially in the Western world, often have little contact with the natural environment: they do not know it, care for it, understand it, or appreciate its beneficial influence on health and potential for promoting comprehensive development and social relations. We are increasingly confronted with “nature-deficit syndrome” and “cultural autism.” These concepts are used, among others, by Richard Louv, author of the book Last Child in the Woods, which points to the disastrous effects of these phenomena.</p> <p>Differences in attitudes toward the natural environment often result in disputes and deep social divisions. We see numerous conflicts between environmentalists and “business representatives” (generally speaking, supporters of new investment projects, regardless of their impact on the natural environment). An illustration of this phenomenon is the struggle to preserve the Czerniakowskie Lake nature reserve and the adjacent areas, which are threatened by plans to build a huge housing estate in that part of the capital. The author discusses the successive stages of the struggle in the summer and fall of 2019. In the author’s opinion, the dispute over the nature reserve can be interpreted as a conflict between defenders of the natural environment and the actions of “business representatives” threatening it. It is also an example of a conflict between different visions of reality, different ways of seeing the relationship between nature and culture, and different values and attitudes. There is also an opposition here between what is a community’s “own” and what is “other.”</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) SACRED MOUNTAINS IN THE CONTEXT OF MODERN NATION: THE POLITICAL DIMENSION OF LANDSCAPE IN MONGOLIA 2020-12-21T12:43:48+01:00 Łukasz Smyrski <p>The aim of the article is to analyze the relationship between the landscape and the process of building national identity in Mongolia in the context of political transformation. I describe contemporary practices related to the public <em>tachilga </em>offering intended for the guardians of the most important mountains with national status in Mongolia. I consider how the local ontology based on the relational interaction between human and non-human entities is reflected at the level of state activities. Discussing the issue, I refer to the category of landscape and show how it has become a major actor in contemporary national discourse in Mongolia.</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) POSTAWY WOBEC ZAMIESZKIWANEJ PRZESTRZENI I MOBILNOŚĆ MIESZKAŃCÓW MIEJSKICH ENKLAW BIEDY W POLSCE 2020-12-21T12:43:48+01:00 Marcjanna Nóżka <p>The article focus on various spatial attitudes and mobility of the inhabitants of enclaves of poverty, which have been identified, among others, on the basis of their drawings and sketch maps related to their place of residence: the yard, the nearest neighbourhood and the city. When constructing the model of attitudes, the author was inspired by Ludwik Stomma’s ethnological description of world and anti-world and the levels of existential space distinguished by Christian Norberg-Schulz. The model includes: 1) imaginations and feelings towards specified spaces, by some seen as their own and tamed (orbis interior), while by others as foreign and wild (orbis exterior); and 2) spatial mobility, determined on the basis of spatial orientation (implosive, explosive) and spatial behaviour of the subjects (exploratory, escapist, and inertial).</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) O ZASTOSOWANIU ELEMENTÓW ETNOGRAFII PRZEDTEKSTOWEJ W BADANIU INSTYTUCJI OPIEKI MEDYCZNEJ 2020-12-21T12:43:48+01:00 Hubert Wierciński <p>In the article I explore the concept of “pre-textual” ethnography. While seeking possibilities for its application, I analyse potential limitations of the latter. I use my own research experiences form Zdrój and Podstawowa Opieka Zdrowotna (POZ, Basic Healthcare). I consider these projects as embedded in two contrasting methodological traditions spanned between post-semiotic analyses and phenomenologically influenced anthropology. I argue, that the choice of methodological orientation should be preceded by careful analyses of the fieldwork characteristics. I consider this scrutiny as reflexive, magnifying and open for various stimulius coming to researcher from the investigated word, and thus, as a main pretextual tool in current anthropology.</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) “I STILL REMEMBER THIS TASTE”. SENSES AND EMOTIONS IN PERCEIVING CULTURAL CHANGE 2020-12-21T12:43:48+01:00 Justyna Straczuk <p>This article focuses on the problem of food memories within the context of individual life stories and collective histories from post-war Poland. The category of taste understood as a sensory experience, a cultural code, and a social norm provides an insight into the ways in which senses evoke and format memory, and how they become a tool for interpreting the past and evaluating the present. Taste memory influences both personal accounts of individual life events, but also the collective memory of the past. This memory is distinct to each generation and offers differing evaluations of the past and approaches to social changes. While the memory of the older generation is nostalgic and set within the discourse of loss, the younger generation’s memory is ambivalent, becoming either a mythical tale of a happy childhood or the means of criticizing the old and validating the present ways of life.</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) CZY NEUROMANCER LUBI WODNIKA SZUWARKA? ZINY KOMPUTEROWE I KAPITAŁ SUBKULTUROWY POLSKIEJ MŁODZIEŻY W OKRESIE TRANSFORMACJI USTROJOWEJ 2020-12-21T12:43:48+01:00 Patryk Wasiak <p>This article aims to discuss the role of “disk magazines” in the identity construction and performance of masculinity among Polish adolescents. It examines the subculture of users of popular home computers Commodore 64 and Commodore Amiga during the post-communist system transition. Both written content and visual form were used by disk magazine editors to manifest their position in the peer group and perform their masculinity. This article outlines how youth actively constructed cultural forms and meanings that reflect the outside world both in terms of mass media culture and the ongoing process of post-communist transition.</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 FRYZURA JAKO SPOŁECZNO-KULTUROWY KOMUNIKAT NIEWERBALNY STUDIUM PRZYPADKU DREDÓW W POLSCE 2020-12-21T12:43:48+01:00 Karolina Dziubata <p>The aim of this article is an anthropological reflection on the socio-cultural meaning of dreadlocks as a kind of non-verbal communication which can be an intentional or unintentional. The social perception of a given hairstyle may be the result of the intended goal or an opinion independent of the person wearing it. I argue that in the latter case, the hairstyle is perceived through the prism of stereotypical images. I believe that certain hairstyles, depending on the political, historical or cultural context, can constitute an important element of individual identity. The paper uses the concepts of identity (Ardener 1992), personality (Mead 1975), interaction (Goffman 2010) and the assumptions of the anthropology of communication (Winkin 2007) to present the results of ethnographic research among people wearing dreadlocks conducted in 2016–2017.</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) BETWEEN OIL AND TOURISM – HUAORANI YOUTH’S PLANS FOR THE FUTURE 2020-12-21T12:43:48+01:00 Aleksandra Wierucka Tomasz Lidzbarski <p>This paper explores the occupational plans and prospects of Huaorani youth living in one of the most remote settlements in eastern Ecuador. A qualitative methodology was applied to assess how Indigenous young people negotiate their future and employment prospects. Our study demonstrates that youth living in the settlement studied do not plan to move to the city, but intend to lead a moderately traditional life while working in local tourism initiatives.</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) CASTE AND ETHNICITY IN SOUTH INDIA: A CASE STUDY OF THE KONKANI PEOPLE IN KOCHI 2020-12-21T12:43:47+01:00 Alina Kaczmarek-Subramanian <p>This article attempts to present the problem of caste and ethnicity in the 2010s based on anthropological and sociological insights applicable to the case study of the Konkani people who inhabit the city of Kochi in southern India. Applying the theory of ethnicity (Natrajan, Reddy) and ethnographic inquiry, the article investigates the question of how in the democratic state of India, having officially abolished the caste system moe than 70 years ago, the caste situation really looks and how it&nbsp; overlaps with newer identity formations such as ethnicity. Though the framework of caste has been changed, it still can be found in new forms. One of those niches is the Konkani community in he urban environment of Kochi. This paper portrays current ways of cultivating caste in the reality of a democratic state, where the traditional caste system interweaves with the broader national, ethnic, educational, and economic awarenesses, which are of an entirely different nature.</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRACTICES OF DAILY LIFE: INTRODUCTION 2020-12-21T12:43:48+01:00 Joanna Zalewska Marta Skowrońska <p>TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRACTICES OF DAILY LIFE – SPECIAL THEMATIC SECTION</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) WHY DO WE HAVE TO TURN ON THIS WASHING MACHINE? THE PROCESSES OF DOMESTICATING HOUSEHOLD TECHNOLOGY – SITUATIONS OF RESISTANCE 2020-12-21T12:43:47+01:00 Marta Skowrońska <p>The author argues that resistance to new technology does not result from “technophobia” but rather from the fact that the new technological object is inscribed with new meanings and frameworks of action that may disturb the existing networks of practices, beliefs, and knowledge. Based on an analysis of 24 dyadic in-depth interviews and 52 individual in-depth interviews with people aged 47–91 living in Warsaw and Poznan (Poland), five sources of resistance to new domestic technologies were identified: (1) disruption of “flow” (Csikszentmihalyi 1990) – the pleasure resulting from a habitual and automatic action, the synchronization between the body and its material surroundings; (2) disruption of the “natural order of things” (the “mental map,” Kaufmann 2001) – a sense of security, durability or safety resulting from the stability of the spatial and material arrangement of the home (a sense that everything is in its place); (3) differences of standards and cultural ideals regarding acceptable practices, the quality of their performance, and their effect; (4) possible disturbance in relationships between members of the household; (5) beliefs about what is right, moral, or correct, as well as dissonances between different pieces of knowledge and beliefs, and between an opinion or belief and an embodied practice.</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) “AND IT ALL HAPPENED IN OUR LIFETIME” – PROGRESS AND COMFORT: THE MEANING OF TECHNOLOGY DOMESTICATION PRACTICES 2020-12-21T12:43:47+01:00 Joanna Zalewska <p>The domestication of technology in People’s Republic of Poland was the key factor in the shift towards consumer society. Drawing upon ethnographic data, this article discusses the meanings of the social practices of domestication of technologies in the second half of the twentieth century in Poland. The practices of domestication of technologies were organized around the meanings of progress and comfort. The discourse of progress was legitimized and propagated by the socialist state. The narratives of comfort were rooted in everyday experience of the interlocutors. The meanings of the practices of domestication of technology differed among historical generations.</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) OUR HOUSES ARE EVER MORE CROWDED... THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE SONIFICATION OF TECHNOLOGY 2020-12-21T12:43:47+01:00 Marek Krajewski <p>This paper discusses the consequences of introducing new sound technologies into our homes. The author is particularly interested in how devices that emit sounds and communicate with us through earcons, acoustic icons, and other forms of sonification change our perception of the home itself, our perception of reality, and our actions. This analysis leads to the pessimistic conclusion that sounded devices only seemingly expand the scope of our control over the world, while in fact they deprive us of certainty.</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) Olga Linkiewicz, Lokalność i nacjonalizm. Społeczności wiejskie w Galicji Wschodniej w dwudziestoleciu międzywojennym 2020-12-21T12:43:47+01:00 Wojciech Lipiński <p>Olga Linkiewicz, Lokalność i nacjonalizm. Społeczności wiejskie w Galicji Wschodniej w dwudziestoleciu międzywojennym, TAiWPN Universitas, Kraków 2018, ss. 362.</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) Kyunney Takasaeva (Künnej Takaahaj), Jakuckie prace Wacława Sieroszewskiego i zmiany kulturowe narodu Sacha 2020-12-21T12:43:47+01:00 Wojciech Lipiński <p>Kyunney Takasaeva (Künnej Takaahaj), Jakuckie prace Wacława Sieroszewskiego i zmiany kulturowe narodu Sacha, Wydawnictwo DiG, Warszawa 2020, ss. 306, fotografie.</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) Grażyna Legutko, „Wyrosłam na Rosjankę...”: historia Marii – jakuckiej córki Wacława Sieroszewskiego – w świetle jej listów do ojca i innych dokumentów 2020-12-21T12:43:47+01:00 Iwona Kabzińska <p>Grażyna Legutko, „Wyrosłam na Rosjankę...”: historia Marii – jakuckiej córki Wacława Sieroszewskiego – w świetle jej listów do ojca i innych dokumentów, Polskie Towarzystwo Ludoznawcze, Wrocław 2019, ss. 260.</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) Tomasz Rakowski, Przepływy, współdziałania, kręgi możliwego. Antropologia powodzenia 2020-12-21T12:43:47+01:00 Łukasz Smyrski <p>Tomasz Rakowski, Przepływy, współdziałania, kręgi możliwego. Antropologia powodzenia, Fundacja Terytoria Książki, Gdańsk 2019, ss. 360, ilustracje.</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) Magdalena Lubańska, Praktyki lecznicze w prawosławnych monasterach w Bułgarii. Perspektywa antro pologii (post)sekularnej 2020-12-21T12:43:47+01:00 Agnieszka Halemba <p>Magdalena Lubańska, Praktyki lecznicze w prawosławnych monasterach w Bułgarii. Perspektywa antropologii (post)sekularnej, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego, Warszawa 2019, fotografie, ss. 364.</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) MYŚLAŁA UNIWERSYTETEM. WSPOMNIENIE O PROFESOR ZOFII SOKOLEWICZ (1932–2020) 2020-12-07T14:49:16+01:00 Lech Mróz <p>-</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) KRYSTYNA MAŁKOWSKA 1921–2020. WSPOMNIENIE 2020-12-07T14:49:38+01:00 Jolanta Kowalska <p>-</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) TAK WIELE POZOSTAŁO... PROF. DR HAB. WANDA PAPROCKA (5 czerwca 1931 – 23 sierpnia 2020) 2020-12-07T14:50:05+01:00 Iwona Kabzińska <p>-</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) WSPOMINAJĄC LUDWIKA, CZYTAJĄC STOMMĘ (1950–2020) 2020-12-07T14:50:27+01:00 Jerzy Wasilewski <p>-</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c)