Three Publications about Archaeology of a Segment of the First World War's Forgotten Eastern Front
Keywords:First World War, historical memory, Anna Zalewska, archaeological studies, heritage, archaeology of twentieth century conflict in central Europe
While the horrors of the trench warfare on the Western Front in Belgium and France are part of the European cultural memory, to some degree the much more extensive and mobile Eastern Front of the 1914–1918 conflict has become the forgotten front (Die vergessene Front). Although for just over eleven months in 1914/15, the central part of a major front, some 1000 km long on which three million people died ran through the middle of what is now Poland, for a number of reasons the memory of this has there been all but erased from memory and from the cultural landscape.
The reviewed three volumes are the result of a project that has attempted to address the poor state of historical memory of the momentous events and human drama that took place a century earlier on the segment of the front, 55 km west of Warsaw. Here, from mid-December 1914, the Russian Imperial army tried to hold back the eastward advance of the German troops on defences built along the Bzura and Rawka rivers. For the next seven months, the fighting here took the form of the same type of prolonged static trench warfare more familiar on the Western Front (the only place in the eastern sphere of war that this happened). The German army made every effort (including mining and several major gas attacks), to advance on Warsaw but failed to break through. It was only after the Great Retreat of the Russian army in the summer of 1915 that these defences were overrun and Warsaw fell.
Zalewska, A. I. (ed.). 2019. Archeologiczne Przywracanie Pamięci o Wielkiej Wojnie w rejonie Rawki i Bzury (1914–1915). Warszawa.
Zalewska, A.I., Czarnecki, J. and Kiarszys, G. 2019. Krajobraz Wielkiej Wojny: Front nad Rawką i Bzurą (1914–15) w świetle teledetekcji archeologicznej i źródeł historycznych. Warszawa.
Zalewska, A. I. (ed.).2021. Archeologia Frontu Wschodniego Wielkiej Wojny i dziedzictwo konfliktów zbrojnych jako wyzwanie poznawcze, społeczne i konserwatorskie. Lublin.
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