Palaeolithic heat treating in Northeastern Hungary?: An archaeometric examination of the possible use of fire-setting in Stone Age quarries in the Bükk area

  • Henrik Zoltán Tóth
Keywords: Bükk region, Stone Age, fire-setting, archaeometrical analysis

Abstract

During the excavations conducted by Árpád Ringer in the Palaeolithic quarries of Avas-Tűzköves in Miskolc, located at the eastern foot of the Bükk Mountains, signs of thermal alteration were observed on many of the finds. Within the scope of my PhD thesis, laboratory testing was carried out on those artefacts, with the support of experts from the University of Miskolc Department of Mineralogy and Petrology, including samples procured from other significant Stone Age sites of the area and results from experimental archaeology. On the basis of results achieved so far, the Palaeolithic use of fire-setting to extract lithic raw material in our region cannot be excluded.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Akerman, K. 2006. High tech–low tech: lithic technology in the Kimberley Region of Western Australia. In J. Apel and K. Knuttson (eds), Skilled production and social reproduction –aspects of traditional stone-tool technologies proceedings of a symposium in Uppsala, August 20–24, 2003 SAU Stone Studies 2, 323–346. Uppsala
Fischl, P.K., Kienlin, T.L., Pusztai, T., Brückner, H., Klumpp, S., Tugya, B. and Lengyel, Gy. 2015. Tard-Tatárdomb: An Update on the Intensive Survey Work on the Multi-Layer Hatvan and Füzesabony Period Settlement. In: T.L. Kienlin, P. Valde-Nowak, M. Korcyńska, K. Cappenberg and J. Ociepka (eds), Settlement, communication and exchange around the Western Carpathians, 341–379. Cologne.
Hartai, É. and Szakáll, S. 2005. Geological and mineralogical background of the Palaeolithic Chert mining on the Avas Hill, Miskolc, Hungary. Prehistoria 6 : 15–21.
Markó, A. 2008–2009. Raw material use at the Middle Palaeolithic site of Vanyarc (northern Hungary). Prehistoria 9–10: 183–194.
Mester, Zs., 1989. The revision of the Middle-Palaeolithic industries of the Suba-lyuk Cave (A Subalyukbarlang középső paleolitikus iparainak újraértékelése). Folia Archaeologica 40: 99–106.
Ringer, Á. and Szakáll, S. 2005. Palaeolithic stone raw material mining and processing on the Avas Hill of Miskolc. Prehistoria 6: 23–31.
Ringer, Á. 2011. Paleolithic chert mines on the Avas Hill in Bükk Mountains, North-East Hungary. D’Université Valahia Targoviste 13 (2): 7–11.
Schmidt, P., Badau, A. and Fröhlich, F. 2011. Detailed FT near-infrared study of the behaviour of water and hydroxyl in sedimentary length-fast chalcedony, SiO2, upon heat treatmen. Spectrochimica Acta Part A (81): 552–559.
Schmidt, P., Masse, S., Laurent, G., Slodczyk, A., Le Bourhis, E., Perrenoud, C., Livage, J. and Frölich, F. 2012. Crystallographic and structural transformations of sedimentary chalcedony in flint upon heat treatment. Journal of Archaeological Science 39 (1): 135–144.
Szolyák, P. 2011. Primary processing of the raw material inthe site of the Szeletian Quartz-porphyry (Bükkszentlászló, Hungary). A Herman Ottó Múzeum Évkönyve 50: 47–66.
Storemyr, P. 2013. Burning rock: fire setting at the Stone Age Melsvik chert quarries. Electronic document, http://www.pasthorizonspr.com/index.php/archives/11/2013/burning-rock-fire-setting-stone-age-melsvik-chert-quarries
Tóth, Z.H. 2011. Heat-treatment experiment on the limnic-quartzite Raw Material of Rátka-Hercegköves. Archeometriai Műhely 8(3): 9–13.
Tóth, Z.H. 2015. Comparative heat-treating Experiments on Avas-Limnosilicite. Unpublished manuscript.
Tóth, Z.H., Németh, N. and Ringer, Á. 2015. Neuer Beitrag zum Vorkommen des Seletien Quartzporphyr in Bükkszentlászló und Bükkszentkereszt. Prehistoria. In press.
Tóth, Z.H. and Kristály, F. 2015. Laboratory comparative heat-treating experiments on Avas-type stone material. Unpublished manuscript.
Published
2016-01-01
How to Cite
Tóth, H. Z. (2016). Palaeolithic heat treating in Northeastern Hungary?: An archaeometric examination of the possible use of fire-setting in Stone Age quarries in the Bükk area. Archaeologia Polona, 54, 129-135. Retrieved from https://journals.iaepan.pl/apolona/article/view/434