State politics and local celebrations. Commemorations of Kraków’s Jewish past
PDF

Słowa kluczowe

commemorations
heritage
Kraków Jews
Amended Act on the Institute of National Remembrance
Kraków ghetto
March 1968

Jak cytować

Kajder, K. (2019). State politics and local celebrations. Commemorations of Kraków’s Jewish past. Etnografia Polska, 63(1-2), 169-184. https://doi.org/10.23858/EP63.2019.011

Abstrakt

In 2018, two dates were particularly important for the Kraków’s commemorations: the 75th Anniversary of the Liquidation of the Kraków Ghetto and the 50th anniversary of March '68. At the beginning of the year, The Amended Act on the Institute of National Remembrance (IPN) was presented, which is more widely known as Poland's new 'Holocaust law'. The question of legal regulation of the usage of the term 'Polish death camps' polarized public opinion and revealed existing divisions between different narratives concerning World War II and perspectives on the past in contemporary Poland.

The article aims to investigate how official politics of the state toward the past is reflected in locally held anniversaries and commemorations. The influence of the public debate during the celebration of March of Remembrance, the anniversary of March '68, and related events, has reflected in people's opinions and emotions. Discourse analysis and ethnographic research reveal how the past is interpreted in those circumstances and show the complexity of relationships between enduring and counter-narratives about the past.

https://doi.org/10.23858/EP63.2019.011
PDF

Bibliografia

Ambrosiewicz-Jacobs Jolanta 2017, Spotkania z Zagładą w Polsce, Politeja, vol. 47, pp. 23–47.

Babińska Maria et al. eds. 2018, Stosunek do Żydów i ich historii po wprowadzeniu ustawy o IPN, Centrum Badań nad Uprzedzeniami, Warszawa.

Baranowska Grażyna, Gliszczyńska-Grabias Aleksandra 2018, “Right to truth” and memory laws: general rules and practical implications, Polish Political Science Yearbook, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 97–109.

Beatty Andrew 2014, Anthropology and emotion, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 545–536.

Butler Beverly 2006, Heritage and the present past, [in:]Tilley C. et al. (eds.), Handbook of material culture, , SAGE Publications, London, pp. 463–479.

Chwalba Andrzej 2016, Okupacyjny Kraków w latach 1939-1945, Wydawnictwo Literackie, Kraków.

Connerton Paul 2012, Jak społeczeństwa pamiętają, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego, Warszawa.

Dundon Alison, Hemer Susan R. 2016, Ethnographic intersections: Emotions, senses and spaces, [in:] A. Dundon, S. R. Hemer (eds.), Emotions, senses, spaces, , University of Adelaide Press, South Australia, pp. 1–15.

Engelking Barbara, Grabowski Jan eds. 2018a, Dalej jest noc. Losy Żydów w wybranych powiatach okupowanej Polski. T. 1, Stowarzyszenie Centrum Badań nad Zagładą Żydów, Warszawa.

Engelking Barbara, Grabowski Jan eds. 2018b, Dalej jest noc. Losy Żydów w wybranych powiatach okupowanej Polski. T. 2, Stowarzyszenie Centrum Badań nad Zagładą Żydów, Warszawa.

Gruber Ruth Ellen 2004, Odrodzenie kultury żydowskiej w Europie, Pogranicze, Sejny.

Harrison Rodney 2013, Heritage. Critical approaches, Routledge, London–New York.

Irwin-Zarecka Iwona 2009, Frames of remembrance: the dynamics of collective memory, Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick, London.

Kersten Krystyna 1992, Polacy, Żydzi, komunizm: anatomia półprawd 1939-68, Niezależna Oficyna Wydawnicza, Warszawa.

Kridle Connor 2018, Polityka historyczna: debating Holocaust remembrance in Poland, Voces Novae, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1–15.

Lehrer Erica T. 2013, Jewish Poland revisited: heritage tourism in unquiet places, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, Indianapolis.

Macdonald Sharon 2013, Memorylands: heritage and identity in Europe today, Routledge, London, New York.

Michlic Joanna Beata 2015, Obcy jako zagrożenie: obraz Żyda w Polsce od roku 1880 do czasów obecnych, Żydowski Instytut Historyczny im. Emanuela Ringelbluma, Warszawa.

Michlic Joanna Beata, Melchior Małgorzata 2013, The memory of the Holocaust in post-1989 Poland: renewal - its accomplishments and its powerlessness, [in:] J. P. Himka, J. B. Michlic (eds.), Bringing the dark past to light: the reception of the Holocaust in postcommunist Europe, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln & London, Lincoln, London, pp. 403–441.

Murzyn Monika A. 2006, Kazimierz. Środkowoeuropejskie doświadczenie rewitalizacji, Międzynarodowe Centrum Kultury, Kraków.

Sather-Wagstaff Joy 2015, Heritage and memory, [in:] E. Waterton, S. Watson (eds.), The Palgrave handbook of contemporary heritage research, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, p. 191–204.

Stola Dariusz 2000, Kampania antysyjonistyczna w Polsce 1967-1968, Instytut Studiów Politycznych PAN, Warszawa.

Tokarska-Bakir Joanna 2011, How to exit the conspiracy of silence?, East European Politics and Societes, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 129–152.

Tokarska-Bakir Joanna 2012, Okrzyki pogromowe: szkice z antropologii historycznej Polski lat 1939-1946, Wydawnictwo Czarne, Wołowiec.

Viejo-Rose Dacia 2011, Memorial functions: intent, impact and the right to remember, Memory Studies, vol. 4 no.4, pp. 465–480.

Viejo-Rose Dacia 2015, Cultural heritage and memory: untangling the ties that bind, Culture & History Digital Journal, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 1–13.

Zubrzycki Geneviève 2017, Matter and meaning: a cultural sociology of nationalism, [in:] G. Zubrzycki, (ed.), National matters: materiality, culture, and nationalism, Stanford University Press, Stanford, pp. 1–20.

Żukowski Tomasz 2018, Wielki retusz: jak zapomnieliśmy, że Polacy mordowali Żydów, Wielka Litera, Warszawa.