O relacjach między kooperacją i moralnością. W kierunku nowej antropologii moralności

Abstrakt

Czy istnieją uniwersalne wartości moralne obowiązujące wszystkich ludzi? Teoria „moralności jako kooperacji” (ang. Morality-as-Cooperation, MAC) dowodzi, że moralność to zbiór biologicznych i kulturowych rozwiązań – obejmujący pomaganie krewnym, pomaganie grupie, odwzajemnianie się, bycie odważnym, powstrzymywanie się, dzielenie zasobów i szanowanie własności innych – na powtarzające się w życiu społecznym problemy kooperacyjne. Niezależnie od kultury, rozwiązania te uważane są za moralnie dobre. Dlatego siedem typów zachowań kooperacyjnych daje możliwość wyprowadzenia spójnej teorii moralności, której dotychczas brakowało antropologii.

https://doi.org/10.23858/EP65.2021.2699
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