Disease, Cataclysm, or Industrialisation? A Comment on the Existence and Disappearance of a Modern Period Settlement in the Vicinity of Trachy in Upper Silesia

  • Radosław Zdaniewicz Doctoral School of University of Lodz https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5816-1075
  • Henryk Postawka Institute of History, University of Opole
Keywords: Upper Silesia, Modern Period, lost settlement, Trachy, Tworóg Mały, hut, industrial workshop

Abstract

An analysis of map charts of Upper Silesia from the second half of the 18th century allows us to identify at least a few lost settlements and hamlets. There is no doubt that one such lost settlement existed upon the Bierawka river, in the vicinity of the present-day villages of Trachy (Althammer) and Tworóg Mały (Quarghammer). Regrettably, the exact location of this settlement has never been identified. An archival query and test excavations demonstrated that the settlement actually came into existence and developed as late as the Modern Period. A fragment of a stone and brick foundation that was uncovered in the course of excavations was the vestige of a hut or of a more professional industrial workshop, such as a finery or forge. It was equipped with a waterwheel. Unfortunately, the reasons behind the disappearance of the village are unknown. It may have been caused by one of the epidemics which affected the inhabitants of Upper Silesia in the 19th century or by another cataclysm. It cannot be excluded, however, that the disappearance may have been due to the economic transformations of the 19th century.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bajkiewicz-Grabowska E., Mikulski Z. 2006. Hydrologia ogólna. Warszawa.

Czapliński M.P. 2012. Epidemie cholery w rejencji opolskiej w latach 1831-1894. Rybnik.

Dubiel L. 1971. Zabytkowe i współczesne budownictwo chłopskie na wsi gliwickiej. Gliwice.

Fechner H. 1907. Wirtschaftsgeschichte der preussischen Provinz Schlesien. Breslau.

KZS – Katalog Zabytków Sztuki w Polsce: województwo katowickie 6 (5), I. Rejduch-Samkowa, J. Samka (eds.), Warszawa 1966.

Kurczewska J. 2006. Pamięć lokalna z perspektywy rodziny i …narodu. In: J. Kurczewska (ed.), Oblicza lokalności: różnorodność miejsc i czasu. Warszawa, 349-373.

Kwaśny Z. 1968. Hutnictwo żelaza na Górnym Śląsku w pierwszej połowie XIX wieku. Wrocław.

Łysik S. 1968. Rejestr zakładów hutniczych na Górnym Śląsku w połowie XIX w. “Zeszyty Gliwickie” 6, 65-76.

Musioł L., Płuszczewski S. 1960. Wykaz zakładów dawnego hutnictwa żelaza na Górnym Śląsku od XIV do połowy XIX wieku. In: J. Pazdur (ed.), Studia z dziejów górnictwa i hutnictwa 5. Wrocław.

Niewęgłowski W. A. 2006. Leksykon świętych. Warszawa.

Knie J. G., Melcher J. M. L. 1845. Alphabetisch-statistisch-topographische Uebersicht der Dörfer, Flecken, Städte und andern Orte der Königl. Preuß. Provinz Schlesien. Breslau. Available online: https://reader.digitale-sammlungen.de/de/fs1/object/display/bsb10014998_00067.html.

Pośpiech J. 1987. Zwyczaje i obrzędy doroczne na Śląsku. Opole.

Triest F. 1865. Topographisches Handbuch von Oberschlesien. Breslau.

Schmidt J. 2007. Dzieje Trachów. Gliwice.

Verkauf der Brzoska Mühle – Verkauf der Brzoska Mühle in Ratibor Hammer betreffend. State Archive in Katowice, Racibórz Branch, Ducal Chamber of the Castle in Racibórz (Komora Książęca Zamku w Raciborzu), no. 18/16, acc. no. 29.

Zimmermann F. A. 1783. Beyträge zur Beschreibung von Schlesien 2. Brieg.

Published
2021-12-13
How to Cite
Zdaniewicz, R., & Postawka, H. (2021). Disease, Cataclysm, or Industrialisation? A Comment on the Existence and Disappearance of a Modern Period Settlement in the Vicinity of Trachy in Upper Silesia. Fasciculi Archaeologiae Historicae, 34, 39-48. https://doi.org/10.23858/FAH34.2021.003
Section
Articles