Kapitał kulturowy a związki intymne. Antropologiczne studium przypadku

Słowa kluczowe

klasa średnia
związki intymne
miłość romantyczna
kapitał kulturowy

Jak cytować

Romanowicz, A. (2021). Kapitał kulturowy a związki intymne. Antropologiczne studium przypadku. Etnografia Polska, 65(1-2). https://doi.org/10.23858/EP65.2021.2778


Małżeństwa aranżowane są najbardziej popularną formą relacji intymnych w Indiach. Niemniej jednak, coraz częściej - wśród miejskiej klasy średniej - zdarzają się małżeństwa z miłości oraz związki nieformalne. Niestety, literatura antropologiczna rzadko porusza zagadnienie miłości romantycznej i jej powiązania z klasą społeczną. Jeszcze rzadsze są badania miłości romantycznej z zastosowaniem techniki obserwacji uczestniczącej. W tym artykule autorka analizuje powiązania pomiędzy różnymi typami związków heteroseksualnych a klasą społeczną. Innymi słowy, omawia formy kapitału kulturowego, które odgrywają rolę w wyborze partnera i wpływają na stabilność i trwałość relacji. Artykuł opiera się na etnograficznych badaniach terenowych w Delhi.



Agarwala Rina, Herring Ronald J. 2008, Introduction – Restoring Agency to Class: Puzzles from South Asia, [w:] R. Agarwala, R.J. Herring (red.), Whatever Happened to the Class? Reflections from South Asia, Lexington Books, London, s. 1–23.

Ahmed Sara 2014, The Cultural Politics of Emotions, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

Allendorf Keera, Pandian Roshan K. 2016, The Decline of Arranged Marriage? Marital Change and Continuity in India: The Decline of Arranged Marriage?, Population and Development Review, vol. 42, nr 3, s. 435–464.

Banerjee Abhijit, Pande Rohini, Walton Michael 2012, Delhi’s Slum-Dwellers. Deprivation, Preferences and Political Engagement among the Urban Poor, Working Paper of International Growth Center. https://www.theigc.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Banerjee-Et-Al-2012-Working-Paper.pdf, dostęp 01.06.2020.

Bauman Zygmunt 2005, Liquid Love: On the Frailty of Human Bonds, Polity Press, Malden, Mass.

Baviskar Amita, Roy Ray (red.) 2011, Elite and Everyman: The Cultural Politics of the Indian Middle Classes, Routledge, New Delhi.

Beck Urlich, Beck-Gernsheim Elisabeth 2004, The Normal Chaos of Love, Polity Press, Cambridge.

Bourdieu Pierre 1986, The Forms of Capital, [w:] J. Richardson (red.), Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education, Greenwood, New York, s. 241–258. https://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/fr/bourdieu-forms-capital.htm, dostęp 20.05.2020.

Bourdieu Pierre 1987, What Makes a Social Class? On the Theoretical and Practical Existence of Groups, Berkeley Journal of Sociology, vol. 32, s. 1–17.

Bourdieu Pierre 2000, Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.

Bourdieu Pierre 2007, Szkic teorii praktyki. Poprzedzony trzema studiami na temat etnologii Kabylów, tłum. W. Kroker, Wydawnictwo Marek Derewiecki, Kęty.

Chibber Vivek 2006, On the Decline of Class Analysis in South Asian Studies, Critical Asia Studies, vol. 38, nr 4, s. 357–387.

Chibber Vivek 2013, Postcolonial Theory and the Specter of Capital, Verso, London–New York.

Chowdry Prem 2007, Contentious Marriages, Eloping Couples: Gender, Caste and Patriarchy in Northern India, Oxford University Press, New Delhi.

Coontz Stephanie 2005, Marriage, a History: From Obedience to Intimacy, or How Love Conquered Marriage, Penguin Books, New York.

Corwin A. Lauren 1977, Caste, Class and the Love-marriage: Social Change in India, Journal of Marriage and the Family, vol. 39, s. 823–831.

De Neve Geert 2016, The Economies of Love: Love Marriage, Kin Support, and Aspiration in a South Indian Garment City, Modern Asian Studies, vol. 50, nr 4, s. 1220–1249.

Deshpande Satish 1997, From Development to Adjustment: Economic Ideologies, the Middle Class and 50 Years of Independence, Review of Development and Change, vol. 2, nr 2, s. 294–318.

Deshpande Satish 2003, Contemporary India: a Sociological View, Penguin Books, New Delhi.

Dickey Sara 2012, The Pleasures and Anxieties of Being in the Middle: Emerging Middle-Class Identities in Urban South India, Modern Asian Studies, vol. 46, s. 559‒599.

Donner Henrike 2011, Being Middle-Class in India: A Way of Life, Routledge, London.

Donner Henrike 2016, Doing it Our Way: Love and Marriage in Kolkata Middle-Class Families, Modern Asian Studies, vol. 50, nr 4, s. 1147–1189.

Donner Henrike, Santos GonçAlo 2016, Love, Marriage, and Intimate Citizenship in Contemporary China and India: An Introduction, Modern Asian Studies, vol. 50, nr 4, s. 1123–1146.

Dyson Jane 2018, Love Actually: Youth Mediators and Advisors in North India, Annals of the American Association of Geographers, vol. 108, nr 4, s. 974–988.

Fernandes Leela 2006, India’s New Middle Class Democratic Politics in Era of Economic Reform, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, Minn.

Fuller C. J., Narashiman Haripriya 2008, Companionate Marriage in India: The Changing Marriage System in a Middle-Class Brahman Subcaste, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, vol. 14, nr 4, s. 736–754.

Giddens Anthony 1992, The Transformation of Intimacy, Stanford University Press, Stanford.

Goode William J. 1959, The Theoretical Importance of Love, American Sociological Review, vol. 24, s. 38–47.

Grover Shalini 2011, Purani Aur Nai Shaadi: Separation, Divorce, and Remarriage in the Lives of the Urban Poor in New Delhi, Asian Journal of Women’s Studies, vol. 17, nr 1, s. 67–99.

Grover Shalini 2017, Rural Relations of Middle-Class Marriage and Women as Legal Subjects in the Imaginary of ‘New India’, The Australian Journal of Anthropology, vol. 28, nr 3, s. 251–268.

Harris John 2006, Middle-Class Activism and the Politics of the Informal Working Class, Critical Asian Studies, vol. 38, s. 445–465.

Heitmeyer Carolyn 2016, Intimate Transgressions and Communalist Narratives: Inter-Religious Romance in a Divided Gujarat, Modern Asian Studies, vol. 50, nr 4, s. 1277–1197.

Hochschild Arlie Russell 1983, The Managed Hearth: the Commercialization of Human Feeling, University of California Press, Berkley.

Illouz Eva 1997, Consuming the Romantic Utopia. Love and the Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism, University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles–London.

Illouz Eva 2012, Why Love Hurts? A Sociological Explanation, Polity Press, Malden, Mass.

Jejeebhoy Shireen J., Santhya K. G., Acharya Rajib, Prakash Ravi 2013, Marriage-Related Decision-Making and Young Women’s Martial Relations and Agency: Evidence from India, Asian Population Studies, vol. 9, nr 1, s. 28–49.

Jodhka Surinder S., Prakash Aseem 2016, The Indian Middle Class, Oxford University Press, New Delhi.

Johnson Paul, Lawler Steph 2005, Coming Home to Love and Class, Sociological Research Online, vol. 10, nr 3, s. 1–13.

Joshi Sanjay 2010, Fractured Modernity: Making of a Middle Class in Colonial North India, Oxford University Press, New Delhi.

Kalmijn Matthijs 1998, Intermarriage and Homogamy: Causes, Patterns, Trends, Annual Review of Sociology, vol. 24, nr 1, s. 395–421.

Kosiek Tomasz 2019, When ‘the Other’ Becomes Someone Close... Ethnological Self-Reflections on Functioning in a Ukrainian Community in Biały Bór, [w:] M. Zowczak (red.), Catholic Religious Minorities in the Times of Transformation. Comparative Studies of Religious Culture in Poland and Ukraine, Verlag Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Men, s. 339–360.

Kuligowski Waldemar 2004, Miłość na Zachodzie. Historia antropologiczna, Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, Poznań.

Lamont Michele, Lareau Annette 1988, Cultural Capital: Allusions, Gaps and Glissandos in Recent Theoretical Developments, Sociological Theory, vol. 6, nr 2, s. 153–168.

Lardinois Roland, Thapan Meenakshi 2007, Reading Pierre Bourdieu in a Dual Context: Essay from India and France, Routledge, New Delhi–London.

Lindholm Charles 2006, Romantic Love and Anthropology, Stichting Etnofoor, vol. 19, nr 1, s. 5–21.

Lynch Owen M. 1990, Divine Passions: the Social Construction of Emotion in India, University of California Press, Berkley, Los Angeles, Oxford.

Masoodi Ashwaq 2018, Sex and the Village: The Sexual Lives of Rural Indian Women, https://www.livemint.com/Leisure/bWtSB0yaves4aXfcOKo8jO/Sex-and-the-village-The-sexual-lives-of-rural-Indian-women.html, dostęp 22.09.2018.

Mathur Neena 2010, Shopping Malls, Credit Cards and Global Brands: Consumer Culture and Lifestyle of India’s New Middle Class, South Asia Research, vol. 30, s. 211‒231.

Mazzarella William 2003, Shoveling Smoke: Advertising and Globalization in Contemporary India, Duke University Press, Durham.

Mody Perveez 2002, Love and the Law: Love-Marriage in Delhi, Modern Asian Studies, vol. 36, nr 1, s. 223–256.

Natranjan Balmurli 2012, The Culturalization of Caste in India: Identity and Inequality in a Multicultural Age, Routledge, London.

Netting Nancy S. 2010, Marital Ideoscapes in 21st-century India: Creative Combinations of Love and Responsibility, Journal of Family Issues, vol. 31, nr 6, s. 707–726.

Orsini Francesca (red.) 2007, Love in South Asia. A Cultural History, Cambridge University Press India, New Delhi.

Parry Jonathan P. 2001, Ankalu’s Errant Wife: Sex, Marriage and Industry in Contemporary Chhattisgarh, Modern Asian Studies, vol. 35, nr 4, s. 783–820.

Pels Peter 2008, What Has Anthropology Learned from the Anthropology of Colonialism?, Social Anthropology, vol. 16, nr 3, s. 280–299.

Prakash Ravi, Singh Abhishek 2014, Who Marries Whom? Changing Mate Selection Preferences in Urban India and Emerging Implications on Social Institutions, Population Research and Policy Review, vol. 33, nr 2, s. 205–227.

Raj Suhasini 2015, Loving and Living in 21st Century India, Economic and Political Weekly, vol. 50, nr 34, s. 7–8.

Reddy William L. 2012, The Making of Romantic Love. The Longing and Sexuality in Europe, South Asia, and Japan, 900–1200 CE, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Romanowicz Anna 2017, Unintended Revolution. Middle Class, Development and Nongovernmental Organizations, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, Kraków.

Romanowicz Anna 2021, Pomiędzy miłością agapiczną a erozyczną. Praktyki miłości i związków intymnych wśród indyjskiej miejskiej klasy średniej, UR Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, vol. 18, nr 1, s. 78–93.

Saavala Meena 2010, Middle-Class Moralities: Everyday Struggle over Belonging and Prestige in India, Orient Blackswan, New Delhi.

SiliconIndia 2012, Arranged Marriages Wins a Battle over Love Marriages, https://www.siliconindia.com/news/general/Arranged-Marriages-Wins-a-Battle-Over-Love-Marriages-nid-127898-cid-1.html, dostęp 22.09.2018.

Streib Jessi 2015a, The Power of the Past. Understanding Cross-Class Marriages, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Streib Jessi 2015b, Explanations of How Love Crosses Class Lines: Cultural Complements and the Case of Cross-Class Marriages, Sociological Forum, vol. 30, nr 1, s. 18–39.

Uberoi Patricia 2006, Freedom and Destiny: Gender, Family, and Popular Culture in India, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division 2018, The World’s Cities in 2018 – Data Booklet (ST/ESA/SER.A/417).

Verma Shweta, Sukhramani Neelam 2018, Interfaith Marriages and Negotiated Spaces, Society and Culture in South Asia, vol. 4, nr 1, s. 16–43.

Wacquant Lois 2010, Participant Observation/Observant Participation, [w:] A. Giddens, P. W. Sutton (red.), Sociology: Introductory Readings, Polity Press, Cambridge, s. 69–74.

Weininger Elliot B. 2005, Foundations of Pierre Bourdieu’s Class Analysis, [w:] E. O. Wright (red.), Approaches to Class Analysis, Cambridge University Press, New York, s. 82–118.

Wright Erik O. 1985, Classes, Verso, London–New York.

Creative Commons License

Utwór dostępny jest na licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowe.

Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Etnografia Polska