Historical Memories in Transcarpathia: Oral Historical Reflections on the Second World War
journal cover page; photograph in the coulours of Ukrainian flag of territory of Olbia, the Ukrainian National Historic and Archaeological Reserve, a famous archaeological site, located near the village Parutine, Mykolaivska oblast', Ukraine. 29.08.2021. Author: Julia Buyskykh.
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Słowa kluczowe

pamięć kulturowa
pamięć komunikacyjna
historia mówiona
druga wojna światowa
Rusini Zakarpaccy

Jak cytować

Leno, P. (2023). Historical Memories in Transcarpathia: Oral Historical Reflections on the Second World War. Etnografia Polska, 67(1–2). https://doi.org/10.23858/EP67.2023.3399


Transcarpathia is a border and mostly mountainous region with a rather complex ethnographic and religious mosaic. It borders 4 countries (Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia), and geographically is the westernmost part of Ukraine. These factors contributed to the shape of a local multicultural population with fluid identities and very specific worldviews. The deepening of cultural ruptures is increased by regional historical memory, which shows the past in a way that is not described in the official historical grand narrative. This situation is also influenced by ethnic diversity and the presence of ethnic minorities, in particular local Hungarians and Germans, whose reflections on World War II and Sovietization differ both from the official grand narrative and from the memories of local Ukrainians.

This study exhibits these differences and attempts to generalize and explain them. The ethnographic data was collected during the author’s fieldwork. Among the respondents, there are representatives of various Transcarpathian ethnic groups, direct witnesses of the XX century’s most significant events. Memories of these events are analysed through their impact on the everyday life of ordinary people.

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Utwór dostępny jest na licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowe.

Prawa autorskie (c) 2023 Etnografia Polska