Pielgrzymowice – A Przeworsk culture iron smelting site from the Roman period in Silesia


  • Enrico Lehnhardt Institute of Prehistoric Archaeology, Department of History and Cultural Studies, Freie Universität Berlin Fabeckstr. 23-25 14195 Berlin, Germany Exzellenzcluster 264 – Topoi ‘The Formation and Transformation of Space and Knowledge in Ancient Civilizations’, Freie Universität Berlin, Topoi Building Dahlem Hittorfstraße 18 14195 Berlin, Germany https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7716-5036
  • Artur Błażejewski Department of Archaeology of the Barbaricum and Roman Provinces, Institute of Archaeology, University of Wrocław ul. Szewska 48 50-139 Wrocław, Poland https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1734-3945
  • Paweł Madera Iron Age Department, Archaeological Museum Wrocław ul. Cieszyńskiego 9 50-136 Wrocław, Poland
  • Julia Meister Chair of Geography I – Physical Geography, Institute of Geography and Geology Am Hubland 97074 Würzburg, Germany https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1385-4112



Słowa kluczowe:

Silesia, Przeworsk culture, iron metallurgy, archaeobotany, phytolith analysis, late pre-Roman period, Roman period


In 2013 and 2014 fieldwork was carried out in the Widawa valley near Namysłów (Opole voivodeship) to investigatesites with iron smelting slag assumed to belong to Przeworsk culture. It was supposed that these surface sites dated back to the late pre-Roman Iron Age (phases A1–A3) and thus belonged to the earliest Przeworsk culture. To verify this chronological classification, we conducted surveys at various sites and investigated the structure of iron smelting and especially its chronological position at the Pielgrzymowice site (municipality Wilków) by trial trenching. This paper presents the results of geophysical and archaeological as well asarchaeobotanical investigations. Our studies in Pielgrzymowice show that iron smelting was carried out during the middle to late Roman period and under no circumstances during the late pre-Roman period. This unambiguous result is based on radiocarbon data from the lowest charcoal layer of a furnace and is supported by further absolute data from features in the surrounding area. The furnaces are those with a ‘very big’ slag pit, which are typical for the Roman period in Silesia and are themselves a relative means for chronological classification.


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Jak cytować

Lehnhardt, E., Błażejewski, A., Madera, P., & Meister, J. (2019). Pielgrzymowice – A Przeworsk culture iron smelting site from the Roman period in Silesia. Przegląd Archeologiczny, 67, 177–230. https://doi.org/10.23858/PA67.2019.009



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