Pewne uwagi na temat możliwej funkcji bezpośredniej miecza brązowego z grobu nr 7429 z cmentarzyska ciałopalnego kultury łużyckiej w Domasławiu w świetle analiz traseologicznych

Słowa kluczowe: use-wear analysis, traceology, bronze sword, Lusatian culture, iron age warfare

Abstrakt

The specific relationship between weapon-form and mode of use has become a subject of intense research regarding the martial practices of past societies. In recent years the application of wear analysis to bronze offensive weapons has allowed us to define their function on the basis of recognizable damage. This paper aims to present results of use-wear analysis conducted on a unique bronze sword that was found in Domasław, Poland in a cremation cemetery belonging to Lusatian culture. The sword reveals a broad range of traces, ones which may be attributed to respective fighting techniques. Another goal of the present work is to partially fill the research void which presently exists concerning warfare as practiced by the Lusatian culture people, and to point out the necessity of carrying out further studies of this kind.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Bibliografia

Brandherm D. (2016). Use-wear on Bronze Age halberds: the case of Iberia. W: M. Uckelmann, M. Mödlinger (red.), Bronze Age Warfare: Manufacture and Use of Weaponry (23-38). Oxford: BAR International Series.

Clements J. (2007). The myth of thrusting versus cutting with sword. W: B. Molloy (red.), The Cutting Edge. Studies in Ancient and Medieval Combat (168-176). Stroud: Tempus Publishing Group Limited.

Dolfini A., Crellin R.J. (2016). Metalwork wear analysis: The loss of innocence. Journal of Archaeological Science, 66, 78-87.

Fogel J. (1979). Studia nad uzbrojeniem ludności kultury łużyckiej w dorzeczu Odry i Wisły. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM.

Gediga B., Hensel Z., Józefowska A. (2018). Zespół mieczy z ciałopalnego cmentarzyska ludności „kultury łużyckiej” w Domasławiu, pow. Wrocław. Przegląd Archeologiczny, 66, 137-175.

Gediga B., Józefowska A. (2018.). Cmentarzysko z epoki żelaza w Domasławiu 10/11/12, powiat wrocławski. Tom 1. Katalog. Wrocław: Wydawnictwo Instytutu Archeologii i Etnologii Polskiej Akademii Nauk.

Gentile V., Gijn van A. (2019). Anatomy of a notch. An in-depth experimental investigation and interpretation of combat traces on Bronze Age swords. Journal of Archaeological Science, 105, 130-143.

Gutiérrez Sáez C., Lerma I.M. (2015). Traceology on Metal. Use-Wear Marks on Copper-Based Tools and Weapons. W: J.M. Marreiros, J.F. Gibaja Bao, N. Ferreira Bicho (red.), Use-Wear Methodology on the Analysis of Osseous Industries (171-188). Cham: Springer International Publishing Switzerland, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08257-8_8.

Higgins S. (2010). Micro-wear analysis of a middle bronze age sword blade. Records of the Auckland Museum, 47, 193-205.

Horn C., Holstein von I. (2017). Dents in our confidence: The interaction of damage and material properties in interpreting use-wear on copper-alloy weaponry. Journal of Archaeological Science, 81, 90-100.

Horn C., Karck T. (2019). Weapon and tool use during the Nordic Bronze Age. Danish Journal of Archaeology, 8, 1-20.

Kristiansen K. (2002). The tale of sword – swords and swordfighters in Bronze Age Europe. Oxford Journal of Archaeology, 21(4), 319-332.

Mödlinger M. (2007). Herstellung und Verwendung mittel- und spätbronzezeitlicher Schwerter aus Österreich. Das Altertum, 52, 101-130.

Mödlinger M. (2016). Ritual object or powerful weapon – The usage of Central Europe Bronze Age swords. W: M. Uckelmann, M. Mödlinger (red.), Bronze Age Warfare: Manufacture and Use of Weaponry (153-166). Oxford: BAR International Series.

Molloy B. (2007). What’s the bloody point?: Bronze Age swordmanship in Ireland nad Britain. W: B. Molloy (red.), The Cutting Edge. Studies in Ancient and Medieval Combat (90-111). Stroud: Tempus Publishing Group Limited.

Molloy B. (2010). Swords and Swordmanship in the Aegean Bronze Age. American Journal of Archeology, 114, 403-428.

Molloy B. (2016) Use-wear analysis and use-patterns and bronze age swords. W: M. Uckelmann, M. Mödlinger (red.), Bronze Age Warfare: Manufacture and Use of Weaponry (67-85). Oxford: BAR International Series.

O’Flaherty R., Gilchrist M.D., Cowie T. (2016). Ceremonial or deadly serious? New insight into the function of Irish early bronze age halberds. W: M. Uckelmann, M. Mödlinger (red.), Bronze Age Warfare: Manufacture and Use of Weaponry (39-52). Oxford: BAR International Series.

Osgood R. (1998). Warfare in the Late Bronze Age of North Europe. Oxford: BAR International Series.

Opublikowane
2021-09-03
Jak cytować
Witowski, J. (2021). Pewne uwagi na temat możliwej funkcji bezpośredniej miecza brązowego z grobu nr 7429 z cmentarzyska ciałopalnego kultury łużyckiej w Domasławiu w świetle analiz traseologicznych. Przegląd Archeologiczny, 69, 137-145. https://doi.org/10.23858/PA69.2021.2109
Dział
Artykuły
Share |